Sorry for the inaccuracy
of the translation - has been used Google translator from Russian into
English. Will appear more professional translation.
Music Therapy in the Age of
Musical work was originally to be full of meaning - a kind of spiritual
content that is transmitted to the listener.
It does not matter how the transfer will occur: this work will be
performed, or it will only be mentally represented, for example, when
viewing the musical notation. The main thing is that the inherent meanings
of music will be broadcast, transmitted through the musical language in a
non-verbal (non-verbal) form.
As is known, the functions of the left and right hemispheres of the brain
do not match. Left (logical) - controls speech. A right (figurative) -
responsible for the perception of specific imagery and signals the
external world, and, in particular for musical activities.
Music perception is the process of decoding the listener feelings and
thoughts embedded in a piece of music by composer and performer reproduced.
How would living in the soul music composer enters into a kind of dialogue
with the soul of the listener, and thus the emotional experience of past
generations, upon future.
It is not always something that was conceived by the composer when writing
of his writings in an adequate form is recreated in the mind of the
listener. By virtue of its multivalency specification musical image in
different listeners may be different. What they see different people in
musical images is a projection of their inner world in a bizarre
mirror-sounding musical fabric, and the content of these images, like
dream images, is rich material for a finding of past experience of the
depressed zones of conflict and blocked emotions that affect the the
current state of mind and body.
Studies show that the effect produced by a musical work on the listener,
often depends not only on the contents of the musical work, how much on
what the characteristics of the psychological warehouse listeners, what
were the conditions of his upbringing and how he formed the musical
Extroverted people store more like light pop music, rather than calling
for a serious introspection of academic music. Associativity, and the
perception of music more suitable to the audience, the introvert,
emotionally moving, with an acute life-experience of conflict and are
prone to introspection. Introverts also have greater integrity of
perception and immersion in the musical experience.
In a study of Gibbons was found that age also exerts its influence on
musical tastes. Older people are more fond of the music that they heard
during their youth than that popular music, which sounded in the later
periods of their lives.
However, there is a fatal relationship between musical preferences,
tightly coupled with the dynamic characteristics of temperament. Along
with the growth of musical experience and expanding horizons develop
musical skills, improving psychodynamic indicators bioritmiki brain and
the audience begins to like and the music that was originally on the mood
was far from their natural temperament. In our own experiments it was
found that the more extensive musical experience of younger listeners, the
harder he liked to choose a product from a number of preview. They all can
be evaluated highly, despite the very different mood, as expressed in
The therapeutic effects of listening to music externally manifested in the
discharge of domestic experiences in the external flow, the spectrum which
can be from mild swaying of the body and hands to uncontrollable weeping.
Internally, the intense experience of music entails a revival of the
distant, but, nevertheless, continued to be emotionally meaningful,
experiences. One way of associative connection in a pulls another, and
before the man turns his own life, painted in a different mood to perceive
music. Release from the once repressed and forgotten events of life,
entering into the consciousness as a result of free association, is a
basic principle of treatment in the school of orthodox psychoanalysis. In
this case, we can mention the concept of psychodynamic resonance founder
of the Swedish school of music therapy Pontvika. As under the influence of
sound waves can collapse bridges and walls of houses, so under the
influence of music vibration destroys pathogenic psychodynamic complex
found in the patient's consciousness and conditioning neurotic illness.
To the music acted on most listeners, his need for this specially set up
and prepare. This setting is what we need to sit in a comfortable position,
relax and focus on the sounds of music. They can not listen without due
attention being distracted by the any extraneous matter. From real life we
must try to step into another imaginary world of bizarre images, moods and
colors. Essentially, any perception of music is a form of meditation,
called non-prescriptive, ie, free from some kind of imposition from
outside. It helps to mention that in the practice of yoga exercises
recommended to listen to music so as to perceive it, not only with their
ears, but at the same time inhaling fragrance of sound, feel it on your
tongue, feel the skin become very sound so that music is permeated by the
fingertips feet to the hair roots. It is very important to be able to
follow inseparably inner ear for melody is playing, even for a moment on
releasing it from the zone of their attention. Melody has become the path,
on which the listener will go and visit the most secret corners of the
soul - both your own and composer who created this music.
If the music is perceived in a live performance, it is useful to enter
into the image of the performer and imagine what it is you play the violin
or piano, is run your fingers over the keys or the neck, it's you - the
conductor, managing first-class orchestra. Practical tasks for conducting
the perceived music to increase interest and involvement in the process of
perception, which accordingly brings the desired effect of psychotherapy.
Any purposeful perception of concentrating on an object can be described
as a meditative process, because by observing the object, and thinking
about it, man, as it merges with him and begins to see him as if from
within, deeply comprehending its inner essence and laws. Sense of musical
meditation lies in a combination of sounding music with visual images and
special formulas of suggestion. You can talk about non-prescriptive and
prescriptive meditation while listening to music. Nondirective meditation
occurs when the listener is given free images and associations that arise
from him in monitoring the development of musical content. The policy
meditation is the formation of a definite and specific focus of the
experience that is carried out with the aid of specially selected slide
show and cast expressions suggestion. If we take into account the
available data on the localization of processing verbal information in the
left hemisphere of the brain, and non-verbal - in the right, the
connection of visual and musical images, on the one hand, and the
expressions of verbal suggestion, on the other - makes it possible to
synthesize the work of the brain, m . is, to actively influence the
consciousness of the human person and the system of its relationship to
life. Thus we have the opportunity to influence the outlook of a man,
defects which often lead him to a particular disease.
We give some useful advice for the treatment of music:
Relax - this will help you to "open the door to the unconscious" and take
the full force of music. It does not matter whether you want to experience
a calming effect or a stimulating and uplifting.
Treatment of music should be short enough not to cause fatigue and
possible defensive reactions.
Strength or volume of the music to be careful handling. A small volume
should be chosen not only for relaxing but also for enabling music. A
large volume of tires and shocks the nervous system.
After listening to the healing music, relax awhile. It is conducive to its
full, no distemper, the action of the unconscious.
It is known that the unconscious is most active during sleep, while it is
also susceptible to external impulses. Therefore, music therapy can be
used during sleep. The therapeutic use of music during sleep is
particularly recommended for children in psychiatry and in general for
people restless and excited.
Music should learn to listen to refine, purify, or even solve some
problems. Listening to music, you must first know that it is him, whether
it is good or evil by force, what energy is. Whatever they awakened force
must be able to use it.
Music should be used as an instrument of internal creativity to you
because it could start to a great spiritual work: to engender the sublime
images, ideas that will eventually be realized. Especially when it comes
to deep, mystical, religious music, which elevates you, lifts. Music - is
power. Music can be an extremely powerful tool to awaken, elevate,
The most unusual music - from Mozart: not fast, not slow, smooth but not
boring, and charming in its simplicity. This musical phenomenon is not
fully explained, so they called - "Mozart Effect." Popular actor Gerard
Depardieu has experienced it in full. The fact that they came to conquer
Paris Junior Zhezhe, would not know ... French and also stuttered.
Well-known physician, Alfred Tomatis advised Gerard every day for two
hours at least ... listen to Mozart! "The Magic Flute" and really can work
wonders - a few months Depardieu said as he sang.
Stir started a few years ago, when scientists told the world that those
who listened to Mozart, it is better passed the standard test for checking
the level of intelligence. Although later interest in the "Mozart Effect"
is somewhat waned since a few skeptics have published their doubts about
the phenomenon. But on closer study it was found that classical music does
have a strong influence on the human brain.
All experiments to study the phenomenon based on the assumption that music
affects the brain on the anatomical level, making it mobile. But for
children it can mean the formation of neural networks have a strong impact
on the mental development of children.
Numerous opponents of trying to prove experimentally that there is no "Mozart
effect" does not exist, regularly come to the conclusion that the error of
Recently, another skeptic, changed his mind about the music of Mozart.
Eric Saygel from Elmhurst College in Illinois used to do a test of spatial
thinking. Subjects had to look at two letters E, one of which is rotated
at an angle relative to the other. And the greater the angle, the harder
it was to identify the same or different letters. Milliseconds spent by
the subjects to compare the letters, and were of the measure, which
determines the level of spatial thinking subject. To the surprise of
Saygelya, those subjects who listened to Mozart before a test, we
determined the letters are much more accurate.
At Harvard University, another skeptic, psychologist Christopher Chabrier,
analyzed 16 studies, "Mozart effect", which generally involved 714 people.
He found no beneficial effect of music of the great composer and still
come to the conclusion that the improvement in brain activity in subjects
occurred due to a phenomenon that psychologists call the "excitement".
Music enhances the mood and the subjects - the results of the tests.
Chabrier but decided to continue the series of experiments to study the
phenomenon, so it is quite possible that soon the camp of supporters of
the Mozart effect, "Make another serious scholar.
Classics from mental
In the book, a professional musician Christopher Ryugera 'Home music kit "offers
musical" medicine "from mental ailments of man.
Ascent - Start of the day. Waking up, we should be thankful, confident
that the day will bring us joy, health, love. Accumulated during the night
and the energy will be spent by us for the perception and creation.
Offered music for easy and effortless start of the day: a set of fragments
from the four concertos by Antonio Vivaldi, Franz Schubert's Serenade, "Music
Walk" by Hugo Wolf, "A merry chirping of birds" (song) by Gustav Mahler.
For the gradual reduction of aggression are well combined plays dramatic
music with the transition to a soothing, slow. This may be sounding in a
fast moving and precise rhythm Toccata and Fugue followed. For example, "Toccata"
and "Fugue in D-moll» Johann Sebastian Bach and his "Chromatic Fantasy."
May be discharged in a different way: listen to music, expressing
aggression, violence, offensive and to go through anger, without stifling
their own emotions - stomp your feet, conduct, give the music. Extremely
suitable for this militant overture to the opera Nikolai Andreyevich
Rimsky-Korsakov's The Maid of Pskov.
Aggression is present in all spheres of human life (during the debate, in
love, in ordinary conversation, the exchange of views, etc.).
Aggression - a depression which finds outward manifestation. Experienced
the suffering can always find a way in the form of aggression, and that
you will receive a discharge. Proven injustice causes stress, which is
transmitted in the form of aggression directed at communicating to the
To relieve tension, you can use the appropriate music. Specialists in
music therapy offer the following treatment regimens: you pick three
pieces of music that consistently express aggression - motivation -
detente. For example, listening to aggressive music for the ballet by Igor
Stravinsky "Rite of Spring." Then, immediately go to the works in the
style of Johann Sebastian Bach, which will help you under the influence of
the soft soothing sounds to change the mood.
By the aggressive music can be attributed part of the program of music by
Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky's "Night on Bald Mountain" ("The night before
the day of Ivan Kupala"), where the means of music composer talks about
pagan rituals coven. Aggressive music created Alexander Nikolayevich
Scriabin (piano sonata "Black Mass"), Sergey Prokofiev ("Dance of the
Knights from the ballet" Romeo and Juliet "), Dmitry Shostakovich ("
Leningrad Symphony "), Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1812 Overture "), etc.
From the aggressive mood can be avoided by listening to music
temperamental "Sabre Dance" from the ballet "Gayane Aram Khachaturian and
his" Toccata. "
Fear is a significant part of the life experiences of each. Range of the
scale with a great fear: the fear caused by ignorance, and fear of the
possibility of the destruction of humanity and the planet itself. Often
the person is afraid of the uncertainty of their existence. Most fears are
not realized by man and is seen at the subconscious level. The man has not
experienced fear, not yet born. And it's very bad when suddenly the fear
will disappear! Then lost mobilizing the beginning for our survival in the
habitat, there will be no need to fire any positive adrenaline rush. Will
not be surprised and do exploits.
Created a lot of music, expressing the fear, as it is more than other
forms of art can express the processes taking place in our subconscious
and to intensify our actions.
In "Leningrad Symphony, Dmitri Shostakovich heard the movement of enemy
divisions, but even worse is the diabolical sound that drowns out even the
sounds of mechanized attack, the sound, which is impossible to escape, and
which threatens to destroy all. A picture paints a fear of Pyotr Ilyich
Tchaikovsky in his orchestral fantasy "Francesca da Rimini" on "Hell"
Dante: painting sounded awful and terrible hell of a storm that caught the
PI Tchaikovsky on the way back from Bayreuth in Russia. For samples of
music, expressing fear, can be attributed "Cloak" by Giacomo Puccini, "Bluebeard's
Castle" Bela Bartok and others
It is believed that, if carefully listen to the horrors of this world,
then, eventually, perhaps, our fears will diminish.
Above is an excerpt from the book
Anjey Satori "Music Therapy in the Age of Aquarius."
Download the text of the book here
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