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Mozart effect





Sorry for the inaccuracy of the translation - has been used Google translator from Russian into English. Will appear more professional translation.


Music Therapy in the Age of Aquarius


Perception Music

Musical work was originally to be full of meaning - a kind of spiritual content that is transmitted to the listener.

It does not matter how the transfer will occur: this work will be performed, or it will only be mentally represented, for example, when viewing the musical notation. The main thing is that the inherent meanings of music will be broadcast, transmitted through the musical language in a non-verbal (non-verbal) form.

As is known, the functions of the left and right hemispheres of the brain do not match. Left (logical) - controls speech. A right (figurative) - responsible for the perception of specific imagery and signals the external world, and, in particular for musical activities.

Music perception is the process of decoding the listener feelings and thoughts embedded in a piece of music by composer and performer reproduced. How would living in the soul music composer enters into a kind of dialogue with the soul of the listener, and thus the emotional experience of past generations, upon future.

It is not always something that was conceived by the composer when writing of his writings in an adequate form is recreated in the mind of the listener. By virtue of its multivalency specification musical image in different listeners may be different. What they see different people in musical images is a projection of their inner world in a bizarre mirror-sounding musical fabric, and the content of these images, like dream images, is rich material for a finding of past experience of the depressed zones of conflict and blocked emotions that affect the the current state of mind and body.

Studies show that the effect produced by a musical work on the listener, often depends not only on the contents of the musical work, how much on what the characteristics of the psychological warehouse listeners, what were the conditions of his upbringing and how he formed the musical experience.

Extroverted people store more like light pop music, rather than calling for a serious introspection of academic music. Associativity, and the perception of music more suitable to the audience, the introvert, emotionally moving, with an acute life-experience of conflict and are prone to introspection. Introverts also have greater integrity of perception and immersion in the musical experience.

In a study of Gibbons was found that age also exerts its influence on musical tastes. Older people are more fond of the music that they heard during their youth than that popular music, which sounded in the later periods of their lives.

However, there is a fatal relationship between musical preferences, tightly coupled with the dynamic characteristics of temperament. Along with the growth of musical experience and expanding horizons develop musical skills, improving psychodynamic indicators bioritmiki brain and the audience begins to like and the music that was originally on the mood was far from their natural temperament. In our own experiments it was found that the more extensive musical experience of younger listeners, the harder he liked to choose a product from a number of preview. They all can be evaluated highly, despite the very different mood, as expressed in these works.

The therapeutic effects of listening to music externally manifested in the discharge of domestic experiences in the external flow, the spectrum which can be from mild swaying of the body and hands to uncontrollable weeping. Internally, the intense experience of music entails a revival of the distant, but, nevertheless, continued to be emotionally meaningful, experiences. One way of associative connection in a pulls another, and before the man turns his own life, painted in a different mood to perceive music. Release from the once repressed and forgotten events of life, entering into the consciousness as a result of free association, is a basic principle of treatment in the school of orthodox psychoanalysis. In this case, we can mention the concept of psychodynamic resonance founder of the Swedish school of music therapy Pontvika. As under the influence of sound waves can collapse bridges and walls of houses, so under the influence of music vibration destroys pathogenic psychodynamic complex found in the patient's consciousness and conditioning neurotic illness.

To the music acted on most listeners, his need for this specially set up and prepare. This setting is what we need to sit in a comfortable position, relax and focus on the sounds of music. They can not listen without due attention being distracted by the any extraneous matter. From real life we must try to step into another imaginary world of bizarre images, moods and colors. Essentially, any perception of music is a form of meditation, called non-prescriptive, ie, free from some kind of imposition from outside. It helps to mention that in the practice of yoga exercises recommended to listen to music so as to perceive it, not only with their ears, but at the same time inhaling fragrance of sound, feel it on your tongue, feel the skin become very sound so that music is permeated by the fingertips feet to the hair roots. It is very important to be able to follow inseparably inner ear for melody is playing, even for a moment on releasing it from the zone of their attention. Melody has become the path, on which the listener will go and visit the most secret corners of the soul - both your own and composer who created this music.

If the music is perceived in a live performance, it is useful to enter into the image of the performer and imagine what it is you play the violin or piano, is run your fingers over the keys or the neck, it's you - the conductor, managing first-class orchestra. Practical tasks for conducting the perceived music to increase interest and involvement in the process of perception, which accordingly brings the desired effect of psychotherapy.

Any purposeful perception of concentrating on an object can be described as a meditative process, because by observing the object, and thinking about it, man, as it merges with him and begins to see him as if from within, deeply comprehending its inner essence and laws. Sense of musical meditation lies in a combination of sounding music with visual images and special formulas of suggestion. You can talk about non-prescriptive and prescriptive meditation while listening to music. Nondirective meditation occurs when the listener is given free images and associations that arise from him in monitoring the development of musical content. The policy meditation is the formation of a definite and specific focus of the experience that is carried out with the aid of specially selected slide show and cast expressions suggestion. If we take into account the available data on the localization of processing verbal information in the left hemisphere of the brain, and non-verbal - in the right, the connection of visual and musical images, on the one hand, and the expressions of verbal suggestion, on the other - makes it possible to synthesize the work of the brain, m . is, to actively influence the consciousness of the human person and the system of its relationship to life. Thus we have the opportunity to influence the outlook of a man, defects which often lead him to a particular disease.

We give some useful advice for the treatment of music:
Relax - this will help you to "open the door to the unconscious" and take the full force of music. It does not matter whether you want to experience a calming effect or a stimulating and uplifting.

Treatment of music should be short enough not to cause fatigue and possible defensive reactions.

Strength or volume of the music to be careful handling. A small volume should be chosen not only for relaxing but also for enabling music. A large volume of tires and shocks the nervous system.

After listening to the healing music, relax awhile. It is conducive to its full, no distemper, the action of the unconscious.

It is known that the unconscious is most active during sleep, while it is also susceptible to external impulses. Therefore, music therapy can be used during sleep. The therapeutic use of music during sleep is particularly recommended for children in psychiatry and in general for people restless and excited.

Music should learn to listen to refine, purify, or even solve some problems. Listening to music, you must first know that it is him, whether it is good or evil by force, what energy is. Whatever they awakened force must be able to use it.

Music should be used as an instrument of internal creativity to you because it could start to a great spiritual work: to engender the sublime images, ideas that will eventually be realized. Especially when it comes to deep, mystical, religious music, which elevates you, lifts. Music - is power. Music can be an extremely powerful tool to awaken, elevate, transform, improve.


Mozart Effect

The most unusual music - from Mozart: not fast, not slow, smooth but not boring, and charming in its simplicity. This musical phenomenon is not fully explained, so they called - "Mozart Effect." Popular actor Gerard Depardieu has experienced it in full. The fact that they came to conquer Paris Junior Zhezhe, would not know ... French and also stuttered. Well-known physician, Alfred Tomatis advised Gerard every day for two hours at least ... listen to Mozart! "The Magic Flute" and really can work wonders - a few months Depardieu said as he sang.

Stir started a few years ago, when scientists told the world that those who listened to Mozart, it is better passed the standard test for checking the level of intelligence. Although later interest in the "Mozart Effect" is somewhat waned since a few skeptics have published their doubts about the phenomenon. But on closer study it was found that classical music does have a strong influence on the human brain.

All experiments to study the phenomenon based on the assumption that music affects the brain on the anatomical level, making it mobile. But for children it can mean the formation of neural networks have a strong impact on the mental development of children.

Numerous opponents of trying to prove experimentally that there is no "Mozart effect" does not exist, regularly come to the conclusion that the error of their judgments.

Recently, another skeptic, changed his mind about the music of Mozart. Eric Saygel from Elmhurst College in Illinois used to do a test of spatial thinking. Subjects had to look at two letters E, one of which is rotated at an angle relative to the other. And the greater the angle, the harder it was to identify the same or different letters. Milliseconds spent by the subjects to compare the letters, and were of the measure, which determines the level of spatial thinking subject. To the surprise of Saygelya, those subjects who listened to Mozart before a test, we determined the letters are much more accurate.

At Harvard University, another skeptic, psychologist Christopher Chabrier, analyzed 16 studies, "Mozart effect", which generally involved 714 people. He found no beneficial effect of music of the great composer and still come to the conclusion that the improvement in brain activity in subjects occurred due to a phenomenon that psychologists call the "excitement". Music enhances the mood and the subjects - the results of the tests. Chabrier but decided to continue the series of experiments to study the phenomenon, so it is quite possible that soon the camp of supporters of the Mozart effect, "Make another serious scholar.


Classics from mental illnesses

In the book, a professional musician Christopher Ryugera 'Home music kit "offers musical" medicine "from mental ailments of man.

Ascent - Start of the day. Waking up, we should be thankful, confident that the day will bring us joy, health, love. Accumulated during the night and the energy will be spent by us for the perception and creation.

Offered music for easy and effortless start of the day: a set of fragments from the four concertos by Antonio Vivaldi, Franz Schubert's Serenade, "Music Walk" by Hugo Wolf, "A merry chirping of birds" (song) by Gustav Mahler.

For the gradual reduction of aggression are well combined plays dramatic music with the transition to a soothing, slow. This may be sounding in a fast moving and precise rhythm Toccata and Fugue followed. For example, "Toccata" and "Fugue in D-moll» Johann Sebastian Bach and his "Chromatic Fantasy."

May be discharged in a different way: listen to music, expressing aggression, violence, offensive and to go through anger, without stifling their own emotions - stomp your feet, conduct, give the music. Extremely suitable for this militant overture to the opera Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov's The Maid of Pskov.

Aggression is present in all spheres of human life (during the debate, in love, in ordinary conversation, the exchange of views, etc.).

Aggression - a depression which finds outward manifestation. Experienced the suffering can always find a way in the form of aggression, and that you will receive a discharge. Proven injustice causes stress, which is transmitted in the form of aggression directed at communicating to the other.

To relieve tension, you can use the appropriate music. Specialists in music therapy offer the following treatment regimens: you pick three pieces of music that consistently express aggression - motivation - detente. For example, listening to aggressive music for the ballet by Igor Stravinsky "Rite of Spring." Then, immediately go to the works in the style of Johann Sebastian Bach, which will help you under the influence of the soft soothing sounds to change the mood.

By the aggressive music can be attributed part of the program of music by Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky's "Night on Bald Mountain" ("The night before the day of Ivan Kupala"), where the means of music composer talks about pagan rituals coven. Aggressive music created Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin (piano sonata "Black Mass"), Sergey Prokofiev ("Dance of the Knights from the ballet" Romeo and Juliet "), Dmitry Shostakovich (" Leningrad Symphony "), Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1812 Overture "), etc.

From the aggressive mood can be avoided by listening to music temperamental "Sabre Dance" from the ballet "Gayane Aram Khachaturian and his" Toccata. "

Fear is a significant part of the life experiences of each. Range of the scale with a great fear: the fear caused by ignorance, and fear of the possibility of the destruction of humanity and the planet itself. Often the person is afraid of the uncertainty of their existence. Most fears are not realized by man and is seen at the subconscious level. The man has not experienced fear, not yet born. And it's very bad when suddenly the fear will disappear! Then lost mobilizing the beginning for our survival in the habitat, there will be no need to fire any positive adrenaline rush. Will not be surprised and do exploits.

Created a lot of music, expressing the fear, as it is more than other forms of art can express the processes taking place in our subconscious and to intensify our actions.

In "Leningrad Symphony, Dmitri Shostakovich heard the movement of enemy divisions, but even worse is the diabolical sound that drowns out even the sounds of mechanized attack, the sound, which is impossible to escape, and which threatens to destroy all. A picture paints a fear of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in his orchestral fantasy "Francesca da Rimini" on "Hell" Dante: painting sounded awful and terrible hell of a storm that caught the PI Tchaikovsky on the way back from Bayreuth in Russia. For samples of music, expressing fear, can be attributed "Cloak" by Giacomo Puccini, "Bluebeard's Castle" Bela Bartok and others

It is believed that, if carefully listen to the horrors of this world, then, eventually, perhaps, our fears will diminish.

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Above is an excerpt from the book Anjey Satori "Music Therapy in the Age of Aquarius."

Download the text of the book here


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Mozart effect