Sorry for the inaccuracy
of the translation - has been used Google translator from Russian into
English. Will appear more professional translation.
Music Therapy in the Age of
The fact that music can affect the human body, to persuade anyone not
needed: No wonder mothers from time immemorial they sing lullabies to
children. Modern medicine has long benefited from the accumulated
observations and developed a method of treatment of the music. Thus was
born the music therapy. But in fact, music therapy, there is almost as
much as a man of knowledge. Russian psychologist Rubinstein explains the
music that everything in nature is subject to certain internal rhythms,
and only the human psyche erratically. A man came up with music to help
build and live in the most literal sense. To give the rhythm and harmony
of his mental life.
Music therapy - the therapeutic method based on the healing effects of
music on the psychological well-being. Music Therapy is officially
recognized in Europe in the nineteenth century, when it was used in the
practice of leading doctors. The flowering of music therapy have in the
twentieth century. In 1961 in England developed the first music therapy
program, but after fifteen years there have created a center of music
therapy. In Germany, physicians with music began to work seriously in
1978, and in 1985 founded the Institute for music therapy. In America, the
Association of Music Therapy originated in 1950 and today it comprises
more than three thousand physicians muzykoterapevtov. France is now in
many clinics the music sounds during the operation, for example, the
National Institute of Blood Transfusion. In Germany, for patients with
gastrointestinal diseases recommend listening to Mozart. In the
Netherlands, uses music in clinics for cardiovascular disease. And in
Australia - for the treatment of those who suffer from pain in the joints
and spine. Well, congresses and conferences around the world - has long
been the most common.
Today, music therapy is used in virtually all countries of Western Europe.
For example, in the Swedish school, whose founder is A. Pontvik, the
starting point is the concept of psihorezonansa, it comes from the fact
that the deep layers of human consciousness can come into resonance with
the sounding harmonic forms and thus be detected out to analyze and
understand. Based on the concept of "collective unconscious" and "archetype"
Jung, A. Pontvik developed an idea of how to penetrate the deep layers of
the psyche through the proportional relationship of sounds, giving the
effect of overtones. In the American musical direction of the therapeutic
effect of psychotherapy is based on the ideas of traditional
psychoanalysis. In an effort during the session to get the patient to
emotionally traumatic, he remembered his situation, the therapist use
music bring them to the cathartic discharge and thus facilitates the
patient's condition. In this regard, great importance is the selection of
appropriate music, which could cause necessary to build imaginative
associations and experiences, whose subsequent analysis could reveal the
nature of the repressed conflict. Therefore, American muzykoterapevty
developed an extensive catalog of music treatment, which includes music of
different genres and styles, but properly classified by the direction of
exposure. In the U.S., music therapists are preparing 24 College.
In foreign literature, we find the widespread use of music therapy not
only in the treatment of various mental disorders, ranging from the
everyday neuroses and ending with severe forms of maladjustment in
diseases of the "big" of psychiatry, but in practice, surgery, dentistry,
geriatrics, ie, wherever GPs face a mood disorder patients and where
necessary to support their spiritual strength to fight this or that
disease. In everyday life, the rich today all sorts of difficulties and
stress, music therapy can serve as a good means of prevention, helping
people to live, work and be happy.
Music therapy sessions on Wednesday set the full trust and creative
relaxation. Trust and communication between patient and doctor are
necessary for the therapeutic process, in which emphasis is placed on the
development of internal human resources. Music therapists do not "get" the
patient with questions about grief or illness. Main - enter the musical
contact with his emotions and feelings. Often, this is what gives a person
strength to fight disease, or simply helps to understand yourself.
Specifying the therapist - not to impose the music, melody, motive, and "light"
in the patient of his inner music "lantern", which will illuminate the
dark corridors of fear.
Distinguish between active and passive forms of music therapy. A passive
music therapy in patients offer to listen to different music pieces that
correspond to their state of psychological health and progress of
treatment. The aim here is to a certain emotional, including aesthetic
experience, which should help otreagirovaniyu these or other problems and
achieve new meanings. As a means of promoting music therapy, often use
advanced techniques such as breathing exercises, auditory training,
hypnosis, art or dance. With the active music therapy patients are
involved in the performance of musical works (in a choir or musical band),
while applying a conventional musical instruments, and unusual, such as
one's own body (clapping, tapping, etc.). Singing used to help people with
speech disorders, improve their articulation, rhythm, and helps in
controlling breathing. Songs help older people to recall significant
events in their lives, which is associated with positive emotions. Playing
music on instruments raskoordinirovannym people to help in the restoration
of motor coordination and play in the instrumental ensembles of helping a
notorious man to adapt themselves to the team.
Rhythmic exercises are used to improve the capacity of movement, agility,
strength, balance, coordination, gait, the art of breathing and muscle
relaxation. Rhythmic components of music helps to increase vitality.
Improvisation also frees the creative, deeply hidden means of expressing
feelings. Through singing, playing music and dancing people interact with
each other and experiencing feelings that are impossible in everyday life.
With improvisation, has an opportunity to make a choice that helps to
develop determination. Song as a means of expressing and understanding
fears helps children to get rid of fears. For people with chronic disease
music therapy - a great help to study the experiences concerning life and
death. Listening to music helps develop a special type of attention and
memory, makes it easier to overcome difficulties, providing a creative
environment for self-expression. Music brings back memories and
associations. Active listening to music in a relaxed and receptive state
stimulates thoughts, images and feelings, which can be further explored
and discussed with your doctor or inside the benevolent society. Listening
to music - a good way to explore and understand our and other cultures.
When music therapy is a constant influx of energy into our body until such
time has not yet achieved harmony. Music therapy leads a person to
understand and use this power of harmony, which seamlessly directs the
process of achieving it. When music therapy man teach and guide not rules
and laws, and somatic (bodily) reality that the music returns to the very
first feelings after the birth, long forgotten by us to this reality is
Music therapy works well in conjunction with exercise. In music therapy is
necessary to go behind the movement, followed by music, one must try to
think more is not about the body and pay attention only to delight in
itself. At some point you feel that you do not you go to the music while
the music carries you. What kind of music? The one that was born within
you. When a person is under the influence of music therapy masters the
ability to move inside, it's always very nice. Outside becomes apparent
that this man sends something beautiful, make it more subtle, strong and
beautiful, something that simultaneously manages to them, and gives him
his freedom. Also, music therapy is well combined with aromatherapy,
breathing exercises and painting.
The technique of music therapy on the experience of Moscow Institute of
Pediatrics was the first field testing in Kazakhstan in the neonatal heart
of Astana on the basis of children's city hospital № 1. The aim was to
study the effect of music on the recovery of the neurological status of
newborns. Study were children with poor ante-and intra-period development,
and that in the postnatal period was exhibited diagnosis: "Pain in" or "Birth
Studying the effect of music on the neurological status of newborns, the
1. During music therapy overall condition of children is normalized to
twice as fast.
2. Music helps to improve physical and functional indicators in infants.
3. Music therapy significantly improves, revitalizes and restores the
innate reflexes are automatic.
4. The use of music sessions in the newborn contributes to the
normalization of respiratory rate and heart rate.
A child in the womb can hear the music. Using a special ultrasound scanner
were examined dozens of pregnant women. During the experiment, every 15
seconds, sounded a little piece of music, and the device fixed increased
brain activity unborn babies. It turned out that they not only hear the
music, but also express their emotions: calm lyrical melodies make them "sad"
and catchy - "rejoice". According to scientists, the minimum age, after
which the fetus is clearly hears and responds to music - 38 weeks.
At the Institute of human capabilities in Philadelphia, called the "farm
to superdetey, doctors stimulate brain development in fetuses with color
and sound. For the reactions of the fetus monitored with the help of
sophisticated ultrasound and ultrasound equipment. For example, it was
found that the guitar Jimi Hendrix and the works of Deep Purple "annoying
and nervous about the fruit. But the classic evokes keen interest, and
embryos as a magnet, attracted to the sound source.
In London, held an unusual experiment for the treatment of senile dementia
of classical music. Psychiatrists have long noticed that the music
contributes to a more close contact with such patients, although it is not
known whether the music therapy sufficiently stable effect. Senile
dementia - a progressive, degenerative brain disease that leads to
intellectual decline and disorientation rights. According to statistics,
this disease for which have not yet found an effective treatment, suffer
from 2 to 5 percent of people older than 65 years and up to 25 percent -
over 85 years. Professor Crist Bullitt found that 8-week course of music
therapy significantly improves the quality of life for patients,
increasing their activity and ability to maintain contacts, weakens often
encountered hostility towards others. Professor of Neurology, Susan
Greenfield, too, appreciates the music therapy as a method of using the
natural resources of the brain instead of the sometimes toxic psychotropic
drugs. Although music therapy is not fully reversible dementia, she,
according to Dr. Greenfield, obviously slows disease progression. Moreover,
brain stimulation activates classical music connections between nerve
cells that protects them from further degradation. "Music helps to
preserve what is left" - encouraged by the doctor.
Principles of music therapy developed ontopsihologicheskoy
ontopsihologicheskoy school. The key concept is based on the inherent
positivity of the spiritual foundations of man regardless of his beliefs
and way of expression. For this reason, this therapy is extremely inward,
and all exterior changes occur as early as a result of her conduct.
At the heart of a genuine therapy is always the restoration of the lost
knowledge about their inner world, but to achieve this goal must also be a
good understanding of his own flesh.
The methodology of most existing muzykoterapevticheskih schools based on
the difference between the aspect of "perception" and "activity" in the
process of therapy. Ontopsihologicheskaya school does not share the method
of passive listening to music or as an initial phase of therapy, either as
propaedeutic stage, followed by "active" phase. The reason for such
disagreement is the following:
1) Music Therapy should be active in nature and manifest themselves in the
dance, playing or singing. Can not be in a state of static when it comes
to release inhibited energy. Ontopsihologicheskoy feature of music therapy
is to unlock the mind-body energy through the subject of its outward
manifestation, that is the body. The realization inhibited part can affect
the psycho-energetic structure that makes this a lock, and change the
situation. In this context, music therapy should be characterized by
creativity and self-motion.
2) If we analyze the career of the great composers, you will notice that
most of them lived long and suffered from illnesses, have been frustrated
or unhappy. Ontopsihologicheskaya school wondered whether the product
written miserable, suffering, or is deeply concerned person, give someone
else the opportunity for a positive internal search engine. We believe
that listening to snippets of music, though beautiful in terms of their
style, not able to bring the man to himself. There's music, which gives a
real pleasure, but there is also such, which can lead to an exacerbation
of the mental state until the death of the subject.
Music and movement are used to maximize the introversion, which should
lead each participant to self-understanding of its deep layers. As a
result of progressive learning this type of introversion can gradually
acquire the ability of a holistic perception of themselves, which in turn
facilitates the understanding of others and communicating with them. Just
know yourself, people can understand those who surround him, and make
choices in accordance with the value systems - think Ontopsychology.
Another interesting method of music electrotherapy. Music electrotherapy (musically
harmonizing physiotherapy) - a method that represents a successful
combination of ancient traditions of Oriental medicine and modern European
The method of musical harmonizing of physiotherapy is based on the
synchronous listening of music and musical effects of modulated electrical
pulses to painful areas or acupuncture points. In this case, musical
pieces are selected by the patient on the basis of the presence of
positive emotions on to listen to music. The method can be used by any
home appliance for playing music (audio player, recorder, player,
multimedia device, etc.). To him extra special frequency converter is
connected with electrodes for electrical stimulation. Easy to use
specially designed transducer having patent protection, makes the method
accessible to everyone, even at home.
When the musical harmonizing physical therapy increases the vibrational
energy delivery component of the musical work directly in the specified
area of the body along meridians. It is like receiving warm heating pad or
massage the painful area, or activate a given meridian acupuncture points.
In this case, you not only massiruete a given region, but also helps to
include the mechanisms of self-regulation by oscillatory components, the
body chooses favorable for him harmonics of the complex spectrum of music
down to the cellular level. Preliminary test of logic for this step is to
estimate: "The music I like."
In the treatment of the traditional methods of physiotherapy used pulses
of sinusoidal, triangular or rectangular shape with a certain intensity
and repetition rate. The monotony of the sequence of pulses "heuristic
frequency" provide a fairly rapid adaptation (habituation) to a specified
frequency. Therein lies the disadvantage of its class. When the musical
harmonizing of electrical pulses have a fundamentally different view,
presented a wide range of frequency, intensity and rhythm.
Application of the musical harmonizing physiotherapy reflex zones and
acupuncture points contributes to more efficient conduct of therapeutic
activities, reduce the period of treatment compared with separately to the
current electrical stimulation and acoustic music therapy.
Musically harmonizing physical therapy can be used to prevent and treat a
wide range of diseases and border states (violation) of psycho-emotional
sphere, and the nervous system, musculoskeletal, immune, endocrine,
urinary, respiratory and digestive systems (the defeat of the stomach,
intestines, liver function , pancreas, bile ducts).
Musically harmonizing electrostimulation may be used for "training" all
muscle groups. Women can apply this procedure a pleasant and tonic to
combat cellulite. As used in this converter can be connected even to
In St. Petersburg there was a group of scientists who managed to combine
scientific methods of study with spiritual values. The aim of their work
is to develop generic methods for correcting the functional state of man,
which is especially important in today's living conditions. As such a
method scientists suggest the synthesis of bulk-acoustic massage and music
therapy. This massage - made possible by the development of VA Sinkevich
special bulk-acoustic set with the resonance of bells. This complex
creates a mild positive acoustic field in which sound waves are
imperceptible massage the whole body, not just the impact on the auditory
analyzer. This leads to increased cerebral and general circulation and, in
general, to optimize the body's functions. Analysis of the impact of
different types of music (exposure time 30 min -1 hour) showed that
universally improves the well-being only sacred music, classical music -
selectively, and pop music, especially rock, techno - has a negative
impact. Studies conducted supervisor acoustic laboratory EO Kalashnikova
at the Military Medical Academy and Associate Professor A. Pavlova - the
Institute of Physiology. Ukhtomskii (St. Petersburg) showed that of sacred
music most effectively influence the spiritual Orthodox chants, which
throughout the twentieth centuries, passed from generation to generation,
and chimes. Efficiency and versatility of this approach turned out to be
stunning. It suffices to 10.7 half-hour or hour of acoustic sessions held
at intervals of 1-3 days to have psychosomatic patients to optimize brain
function: improve memory, reduce the convulsive readiness to normalize
sleep, and - to clear bodies from the sand, to increase lactation in
nursing mothers, to increase the hearing range of a hopelessly impaired.
This - the result of 20 years of labor. It should be noted that all
members of the team - the faithful Orthodox Christians regularly go to
church, some have spiritual mentors. In this team there are examples of
healing from severe illnesses after the passage of acoustic sessions of
massage and participation in the sacraments. It is the involvement of the
Orthodox culture as confident team, "Acoustics" from St. Petersburg, gives
them the strength for creativity, good work and allows you to be healthy.
You can arrange self-session music therapy. To this end, the best podoytet
drum or tambourine. Better to start with silence, to better in your own
inner voice. Then you can sing without words in low tones that cause our
bodies the maximum response. Try not to listen, no ears, no brain - only
the body, and then it itself begins to move, because the dance, like music,
- in you, they need only "release." As soon as the drum will sound in your
hands, all the cells in your body will start to vibrate themselves. Feel
all the parts of your body will participate in singing. This is a mental
sensation: at a certain point the cells acquire the vocal chords and start
to express themselves, and you must involve them in this magnificent
movement. Go behind the music and try to pay attention only to delight in
itself. At some point you feel that you have the music carries you.
Deplete their emotions through song, music and body movement. Obtain some
form of catharsis. From the side like a shaman ritual. So make sure that
less who you saw and heard, and it may cause an ambulance ...
Above is an excerpt from the book
Anjey Satori "Music Therapy in the Age of Aquarius."
Download the text of the book here