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Music Therapy





Sorry for the inaccuracy of the translation - has been used Google translator from Russian into English. Will appear more professional translation.


Music Therapy in the Age of Aquarius


Music Therapy

The fact that music can affect the human body, to persuade anyone not needed: No wonder mothers from time immemorial they sing lullabies to children. Modern medicine has long benefited from the accumulated observations and developed a method of treatment of the music. Thus was born the music therapy. But in fact, music therapy, there is almost as much as a man of knowledge. Russian psychologist Rubinstein explains the music that everything in nature is subject to certain internal rhythms, and only the human psyche erratically. A man came up with music to help build and live in the most literal sense. To give the rhythm and harmony of his mental life.
Music therapy - the therapeutic method based on the healing effects of music on the psychological well-being. Music Therapy is officially recognized in Europe in the nineteenth century, when it was used in the practice of leading doctors. The flowering of music therapy have in the twentieth century. In 1961 in England developed the first music therapy program, but after fifteen years there have created a center of music therapy. In Germany, physicians with music began to work seriously in 1978, and in 1985 founded the Institute for music therapy. In America, the Association of Music Therapy originated in 1950 and today it comprises more than three thousand physicians muzykoterapevtov. France is now in many clinics the music sounds during the operation, for example, the National Institute of Blood Transfusion. In Germany, for patients with gastrointestinal diseases recommend listening to Mozart. In the Netherlands, uses music in clinics for cardiovascular disease. And in Australia - for the treatment of those who suffer from pain in the joints and spine. Well, congresses and conferences around the world - has long been the most common.
Today, music therapy is used in virtually all countries of Western Europe. For example, in the Swedish school, whose founder is A. Pontvik, the starting point is the concept of psihorezonansa, it comes from the fact that the deep layers of human consciousness can come into resonance with the sounding harmonic forms and thus be detected out to analyze and understand. Based on the concept of "collective unconscious" and "archetype" Jung, A. Pontvik developed an idea of how to penetrate the deep layers of the psyche through the proportional relationship of sounds, giving the effect of overtones. In the American musical direction of the therapeutic effect of psychotherapy is based on the ideas of traditional psychoanalysis. In an effort during the session to get the patient to emotionally traumatic, he remembered his situation, the therapist use music bring them to the cathartic discharge and thus facilitates the patient's condition. In this regard, great importance is the selection of appropriate music, which could cause necessary to build imaginative associations and experiences, whose subsequent analysis could reveal the nature of the repressed conflict. Therefore, American muzykoterapevty developed an extensive catalog of music treatment, which includes music of different genres and styles, but properly classified by the direction of exposure. In the U.S., music therapists are preparing 24 College.

In foreign literature, we find the widespread use of music therapy not only in the treatment of various mental disorders, ranging from the everyday neuroses and ending with severe forms of maladjustment in diseases of the "big" of psychiatry, but in practice, surgery, dentistry, geriatrics, ie, wherever GPs face a mood disorder patients and where necessary to support their spiritual strength to fight this or that disease. In everyday life, the rich today all sorts of difficulties and stress, music therapy can serve as a good means of prevention, helping people to live, work and be happy.

Music therapy sessions on Wednesday set the full trust and creative relaxation. Trust and communication between patient and doctor are necessary for the therapeutic process, in which emphasis is placed on the development of internal human resources. Music therapists do not "get" the patient with questions about grief or illness. Main - enter the musical contact with his emotions and feelings. Often, this is what gives a person strength to fight disease, or simply helps to understand yourself. Specifying the therapist - not to impose the music, melody, motive, and "light" in the patient of his inner music "lantern", which will illuminate the dark corridors of fear.

Distinguish between active and passive forms of music therapy. A passive music therapy in patients offer to listen to different music pieces that correspond to their state of psychological health and progress of treatment. The aim here is to a certain emotional, including aesthetic experience, which should help otreagirovaniyu these or other problems and achieve new meanings. As a means of promoting music therapy, often use advanced techniques such as breathing exercises, auditory training, hypnosis, art or dance. With the active music therapy patients are involved in the performance of musical works (in a choir or musical band), while applying a conventional musical instruments, and unusual, such as one's own body (clapping, tapping, etc.). Singing used to help people with speech disorders, improve their articulation, rhythm, and helps in controlling breathing. Songs help older people to recall significant events in their lives, which is associated with positive emotions. Playing music on instruments raskoordinirovannym people to help in the restoration of motor coordination and play in the instrumental ensembles of helping a notorious man to adapt themselves to the team.

Rhythmic exercises are used to improve the capacity of movement, agility, strength, balance, coordination, gait, the art of breathing and muscle relaxation. Rhythmic components of music helps to increase vitality. Improvisation also frees the creative, deeply hidden means of expressing feelings. Through singing, playing music and dancing people interact with each other and experiencing feelings that are impossible in everyday life. With improvisation, has an opportunity to make a choice that helps to develop determination. Song as a means of expressing and understanding fears helps children to get rid of fears. For people with chronic disease music therapy - a great help to study the experiences concerning life and death. Listening to music helps develop a special type of attention and memory, makes it easier to overcome difficulties, providing a creative environment for self-expression. Music brings back memories and associations. Active listening to music in a relaxed and receptive state stimulates thoughts, images and feelings, which can be further explored and discussed with your doctor or inside the benevolent society. Listening to music - a good way to explore and understand our and other cultures.

When music therapy is a constant influx of energy into our body until such time has not yet achieved harmony. Music therapy leads a person to understand and use this power of harmony, which seamlessly directs the process of achieving it. When music therapy man teach and guide not rules and laws, and somatic (bodily) reality that the music returns to the very first feelings after the birth, long forgotten by us to this reality is born again.

Music therapy works well in conjunction with exercise. In music therapy is necessary to go behind the movement, followed by music, one must try to think more is not about the body and pay attention only to delight in itself. At some point you feel that you do not you go to the music while the music carries you. What kind of music? The one that was born within you. When a person is under the influence of music therapy masters the ability to move inside, it's always very nice. Outside becomes apparent that this man sends something beautiful, make it more subtle, strong and beautiful, something that simultaneously manages to them, and gives him his freedom. Also, music therapy is well combined with aromatherapy, breathing exercises and painting.

The technique of music therapy on the experience of Moscow Institute of Pediatrics was the first field testing in Kazakhstan in the neonatal heart of Astana on the basis of children's city hospital № 1. The aim was to study the effect of music on the recovery of the neurological status of newborns. Study were children with poor ante-and intra-period development, and that in the postnatal period was exhibited diagnosis: "Pain in" or "Birth injury".

Studying the effect of music on the neurological status of newborns, the following conclusions:
1. During music therapy overall condition of children is normalized to twice as fast.
2. Music helps to improve physical and functional indicators in infants.
3. Music therapy significantly improves, revitalizes and restores the innate reflexes are automatic.
4. The use of music sessions in the newborn contributes to the normalization of respiratory rate and heart rate.

A child in the womb can hear the music. Using a special ultrasound scanner were examined dozens of pregnant women. During the experiment, every 15 seconds, sounded a little piece of music, and the device fixed increased brain activity unborn babies. It turned out that they not only hear the music, but also express their emotions: calm lyrical melodies make them "sad" and catchy - "rejoice". According to scientists, the minimum age, after which the fetus is clearly hears and responds to music - 38 weeks.

At the Institute of human capabilities in Philadelphia, called the "farm to superdetey, doctors stimulate brain development in fetuses with color and sound. For the reactions of the fetus monitored with the help of sophisticated ultrasound and ultrasound equipment. For example, it was found that the guitar Jimi Hendrix and the works of Deep Purple "annoying and nervous about the fruit. But the classic evokes keen interest, and embryos as a magnet, attracted to the sound source.

In London, held an unusual experiment for the treatment of senile dementia of classical music. Psychiatrists have long noticed that the music contributes to a more close contact with such patients, although it is not known whether the music therapy sufficiently stable effect. Senile dementia - a progressive, degenerative brain disease that leads to intellectual decline and disorientation rights. According to statistics, this disease for which have not yet found an effective treatment, suffer from 2 to 5 percent of people older than 65 years and up to 25 percent - over 85 years. Professor Crist Bullitt found that 8-week course of music therapy significantly improves the quality of life for patients, increasing their activity and ability to maintain contacts, weakens often encountered hostility towards others. Professor of Neurology, Susan Greenfield, too, appreciates the music therapy as a method of using the natural resources of the brain instead of the sometimes toxic psychotropic drugs. Although music therapy is not fully reversible dementia, she, according to Dr. Greenfield, obviously slows disease progression. Moreover, brain stimulation activates classical music connections between nerve cells that protects them from further degradation. "Music helps to preserve what is left" - encouraged by the doctor.

Principles of music therapy developed ontopsihologicheskoy ontopsihologicheskoy school. The key concept is based on the inherent positivity of the spiritual foundations of man regardless of his beliefs and way of expression. For this reason, this therapy is extremely inward, and all exterior changes occur as early as a result of her conduct.

At the heart of a genuine therapy is always the restoration of the lost knowledge about their inner world, but to achieve this goal must also be a good understanding of his own flesh.

The methodology of most existing muzykoterapevticheskih schools based on the difference between the aspect of "perception" and "activity" in the process of therapy. Ontopsihologicheskaya school does not share the method of passive listening to music or as an initial phase of therapy, either as propaedeutic stage, followed by "active" phase. The reason for such disagreement is the following:
1) Music Therapy should be active in nature and manifest themselves in the dance, playing or singing. Can not be in a state of static when it comes to release inhibited energy. Ontopsihologicheskoy feature of music therapy is to unlock the mind-body energy through the subject of its outward manifestation, that is the body. The realization inhibited part can affect the psycho-energetic structure that makes this a lock, and change the situation. In this context, music therapy should be characterized by creativity and self-motion.
2) If we analyze the career of the great composers, you will notice that most of them lived long and suffered from illnesses, have been frustrated or unhappy. Ontopsihologicheskaya school wondered whether the product written miserable, suffering, or is deeply concerned person, give someone else the opportunity for a positive internal search engine. We believe that listening to snippets of music, though beautiful in terms of their style, not able to bring the man to himself. There's music, which gives a real pleasure, but there is also such, which can lead to an exacerbation of the mental state until the death of the subject.

Music and movement are used to maximize the introversion, which should lead each participant to self-understanding of its deep layers. As a result of progressive learning this type of introversion can gradually acquire the ability of a holistic perception of themselves, which in turn facilitates the understanding of others and communicating with them. Just know yourself, people can understand those who surround him, and make choices in accordance with the value systems - think Ontopsychology.

Another interesting method of music electrotherapy. Music electrotherapy (musically harmonizing physiotherapy) - a method that represents a successful combination of ancient traditions of Oriental medicine and modern European physiotherapy.

The method of musical harmonizing of physiotherapy is based on the synchronous listening of music and musical effects of modulated electrical pulses to painful areas or acupuncture points. In this case, musical pieces are selected by the patient on the basis of the presence of positive emotions on to listen to music. The method can be used by any home appliance for playing music (audio player, recorder, player, multimedia device, etc.). To him extra special frequency converter is connected with electrodes for electrical stimulation. Easy to use specially designed transducer having patent protection, makes the method accessible to everyone, even at home.
When the musical harmonizing physical therapy increases the vibrational energy delivery component of the musical work directly in the specified area of the body along meridians. It is like receiving warm heating pad or massage the painful area, or activate a given meridian acupuncture points. In this case, you not only massiruete a given region, but also helps to include the mechanisms of self-regulation by oscillatory components, the body chooses favorable for him harmonics of the complex spectrum of music down to the cellular level. Preliminary test of logic for this step is to estimate: "The music I like."

In the treatment of the traditional methods of physiotherapy used pulses of sinusoidal, triangular or rectangular shape with a certain intensity and repetition rate. The monotony of the sequence of pulses "heuristic frequency" provide a fairly rapid adaptation (habituation) to a specified frequency. Therein lies the disadvantage of its class. When the musical harmonizing of electrical pulses have a fundamentally different view, presented a wide range of frequency, intensity and rhythm.

Application of the musical harmonizing physiotherapy reflex zones and acupuncture points contributes to more efficient conduct of therapeutic activities, reduce the period of treatment compared with separately to the current electrical stimulation and acoustic music therapy.

Musically harmonizing physical therapy can be used to prevent and treat a wide range of diseases and border states (violation) of psycho-emotional sphere, and the nervous system, musculoskeletal, immune, endocrine, urinary, respiratory and digestive systems (the defeat of the stomach, intestines, liver function , pancreas, bile ducts).

Musically harmonizing electrostimulation may be used for "training" all muscle groups. Women can apply this procedure a pleasant and tonic to combat cellulite. As used in this converter can be connected even to player.

In St. Petersburg there was a group of scientists who managed to combine scientific methods of study with spiritual values. The aim of their work is to develop generic methods for correcting the functional state of man, which is especially important in today's living conditions. As such a method scientists suggest the synthesis of bulk-acoustic massage and music therapy. This massage - made possible by the development of VA Sinkevich special bulk-acoustic set with the resonance of bells. This complex creates a mild positive acoustic field in which sound waves are imperceptible massage the whole body, not just the impact on the auditory analyzer. This leads to increased cerebral and general circulation and, in general, to optimize the body's functions. Analysis of the impact of different types of music (exposure time 30 min -1 hour) showed that universally improves the well-being only sacred music, classical music - selectively, and pop music, especially rock, techno - has a negative impact. Studies conducted supervisor acoustic laboratory EO Kalashnikova at the Military Medical Academy and Associate Professor A. Pavlova - the Institute of Physiology. Ukhtomskii (St. Petersburg) showed that of sacred music most effectively influence the spiritual Orthodox chants, which throughout the twentieth centuries, passed from generation to generation, and chimes. Efficiency and versatility of this approach turned out to be stunning. It suffices to 10.7 half-hour or hour of acoustic sessions held at intervals of 1-3 days to have psychosomatic patients to optimize brain function: improve memory, reduce the convulsive readiness to normalize sleep, and - to clear bodies from the sand, to increase lactation in nursing mothers, to increase the hearing range of a hopelessly impaired. This - the result of 20 years of labor. It should be noted that all members of the team - the faithful Orthodox Christians regularly go to church, some have spiritual mentors. In this team there are examples of healing from severe illnesses after the passage of acoustic sessions of massage and participation in the sacraments. It is the involvement of the Orthodox culture as confident team, "Acoustics" from St. Petersburg, gives them the strength for creativity, good work and allows you to be healthy.

You can arrange self-session music therapy. To this end, the best podoytet drum or tambourine. Better to start with silence, to better in your own inner voice. Then you can sing without words in low tones that cause our bodies the maximum response. Try not to listen, no ears, no brain - only the body, and then it itself begins to move, because the dance, like music, - in you, they need only "release." As soon as the drum will sound in your hands, all the cells in your body will start to vibrate themselves. Feel all the parts of your body will participate in singing. This is a mental sensation: at a certain point the cells acquire the vocal chords and start to express themselves, and you must involve them in this magnificent movement. Go behind the music and try to pay attention only to delight in itself. At some point you feel that you have the music carries you. Deplete their emotions through song, music and body movement. Obtain some form of catharsis. From the side like a shaman ritual. So make sure that less who you saw and heard, and it may cause an ambulance ...

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Above is an excerpt from the book Anjey Satori "Music Therapy in the Age of Aquarius."

Download the text of the book here


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